Cfr 47 part 15. The provisions in § 15.35 for limiting peak emissions apply. ( ...

(1) Persons with disabilities: In the context of part

Commission consideration or court review, see 47 CFR 1.1208. There are, however, exceptions to this prohibition, which can be found in section 1.1204(a) of the Commission's rules, 47 CFR 1.1204(a). See Sections 1.415 and 1.420 of the Commission's rules for information regarding the proper filing procedures for comments, 47 CFR 1.415 and 1.420.Title 47 was last amended 10/02/2023. view historical versions. There have been changes in the last two weeks to Subpart A. view change. New Agency Features: It is now possible to filter search results and recent changes by agency or agencies. It is also possible to subscribe to the eCFR changes from single or multiple agencies.(1) Persons with disabilities: In the context of part 15 rules (47 CFR part 15), the term “disability,” with respect to the individual, has the meaning given to it by section 3(2)(A) of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12102(2)(A)), i.e., a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the ... PART 15—RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES; Subpart A—General; 47 CFR Subpart A - Subpart A—General . CFR ; prev | next § 15.1 Scope of this part. § 15.3 Definitions. § …U-NII devices operating in the 5.25–5.35 GHz band and the 5.47–5.725 GHz band shall employ a TPC mechanism. The U-NII device is required to have the capability to operate at least 6 dB below the mean EIRP value of 30 dBm. A TPC mechanism is not required for systems with an e.i.r.p. of less than 500 mW. Sections 15.33 and 15.35 which specify the frequency range over which radiated emissions are to be measured and the detector functions and other measurement standards apply. ( d) For CB receivers, the field strength of radiated emissions within the frequency range of 25–30 MHz shall not exceed 40 microvolts/meter at a distance of 3 meters. Subpart A—General (§§ 15.1 - 15.38) Subpart B—Unintentional Radiators (§§ 15.101 - 15.123) Subpart C—Intentional Radiators (§§ 15.201 - 15.258) Subpart D—Unlicensed Personal Communications Service Devices (§§ 15.301 - 15.323) Subpart E—Unlicensed National Information Infrastructure Devices (§§ 15.401 - 15.407) The FCC Rules and Regulations, Title 47, Part 15, specifies limits on the radiation from both intentional and unintentional radiation sources. Sources of ...§15.102 47 CFR Ch. I (10–1–15 Edition) (c) Personal computers shall be au-thorized in accordance with one of the following methods: (1) The specific combination of CPU board, power supply and enclosure is tested together and authorized under a Declaration of Conformity or a grant of certification; (2) The personal computer is author- (g) Radio frequency devices operating under the provisions of this part are subject to the radio frequency radiation exposure requirements specified in §§ 1.1307(b), 1.1310, 2.1091, and 2.1093 of this chapter, as appropriate. Applications for equipment authorization of mobile or portable devices operating under this section must contain a ...Commission consideration or court review, see 47 CFR 1.1208. There are, however, exceptions to this prohibition, which can be found in section 1.1204(a) of the Commission's rules, 47 CFR 1.1204(a). See Sections 1.415 and 1.420 of the Commission's rules for information regarding the proper filing procedures for comments, 47 CFR 1.415 and 1.420.View the PDF for 47 CFR Part 15 Subpart H; These links go to the official, published CFR, which is updated annually. As a result, it may not include the most recent changes applied to the CFR. Learn more. 47 CFR PART 15. October 1, 2018. RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES. Scope of this part. (a) This part sets out the regulations under which an intentional, unintentional, or incidental radiator may be operated without an individual license. It also contains the... 47 CFR PART 15. October 1, 2017. RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES.Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (e-CFR) Title 47—Telecommunication; CHAPTER I—FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION; SUBCHAPTER A—GENERAL; PART 15—RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES; Subpart C—Intentional Radiators § 15.209 Radiated emission limits; general requirements.47 CFR Part 15 covers electronic and electrical devices sold, imported, or manufactured in the United States. In this guide, we explain what you must know about …§ 95.3385 76–81 GHz Band Radar Service RF exposure evaluation. Regardless of the power density levels permitted under this subpart, devices operating under the provisions of this subpart are subject to the radiofrequency radiation exposure requirements specified in §§ 1.1307(b), 2.1091, and 2.1093 of this chapter, as appropriate.Applications for equipment authorization of …Unwanted emissions from LPR devices shall not exceed the general emission limit in § 15.209 of this chapter. (i) Antenna beamwidth. (A) LPR devices operating under the provisions of this section within the 5.925–7.250 GHz and 24.05–29.00 GHz bands must use an antenna with a −3 dB beamwidth no greater than 12 degrees.Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (e-CFR) Title 47—Telecommunication; CHAPTER I—FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION; SUBCHAPTER A—GENERAL; PART 15—RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES; Subpart A—General § 15.5 General conditions of operation.§ 15.237 Operation in the bands 72.0–73.0 MHz, 74.6–74.8 MHz and 75.2–76.0 MHz. § 15.239 Operation in the band 88–108 MHz. § 15.240 Operation in the band 433.5–434.5 MHz. § 15.241 Operation in the band 174–216 MHz. § 15.242 Operation in the bands 174–216 MHz and 470–668 MHz. § 15.243 Operation in the band 890–940 MHz.PART 15 - RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Subpart A - General Section 15.1 Scope of this Part. Section 15.3 Definitions. Section 15.5 General conditions of operation. Section 15.9 Prohibition against eavesdropping. ... Authority: 47 U.S.C. Sections 154, 302a, 303, 304, 307, 336, and 544A. 5 Subpart A - GeneralFCC CFR 47 Part 15 Class A ICES‐003, Issue 7 Class A EN 301 489‐1 V2.2.3 EN 301 489‐17 V3.2.4 EN 300 328 V2.2.2 EN 301 893 V2.1.1 RoHS EN IEC 63000:2018 Telecom ES 203 021‐1 v2.1.1 / ES 203 021‐2 v2.1.2 / ES 203 021‐3 v2.1.2; FCC Rules & Regulations 47 CFR Part 68 (1) Persons with disabilities: In the context of part 15 rules (47 CFR part 15), the term “disability,” with respect to the individual, has the meaning given to it by section 3(2)(A) of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12102(2)(A)), i.e., a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the ... Scope of 47 CFR Subpart C Wireless Test. Devices that operate in a master/client network are generally certified if they can operate beyond the part 15C scope under the control of the master device. A master device operates in a mode in which it …1559–1610. −85.3. ( 3) There is a limit on the peak level of the emissions contained within a 50 MHz bandwidth centered on the frequency at which the highest radiated emission occurs and this 50 MHz bandwidth must be contained within the 5925–7250 MHz band. The peak EIRP limit is 20 log (RBW/50) dBm where RBW is the resolution bandwidth ... CFR Title 47 Section 15.209 Radiated emission limits; general requirements of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. ... However, operation within these frequency bands is permItted under other sections of this part, e.g., §§ 15.231 and 15.241. (b) In the emission table above, the tighter limit applies at the band edges. ...PART 15—RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Subpart A—General Sec. 15.1 Scope of this part. 15.3 Definitions. 15.5 General conditions of operation. 15.7 [Reserved] 15.9 …Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (e-CFR) Title 47—Telecommunication; CHAPTER I—FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION; SUBCHAPTER A—GENERAL; PART 15—RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES; Subpart C—Intentional Radiators; Radiated Emission Limits, Additional Provisions § 15.247 Operation within the bands 902–928 MHz, 2400–2483.5 MHz, and 5725 ...This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. ( 4) Where a device is constructed in two or more sections connected ... Title 47 PART 15 SUBPART B. CFR › Title 47 › Volume 1 › Chapter I › Subchapter A › Part 15 › ... Apr. 25, 1989, unless otherwise noted. 47:1.0.1.1.15.2.234.1: SECTION 15.101 15.101 Equipment authorization of unintentional radiators. 47:1.0.1.1.15.2.234.2: SECTION 15.102 15.102 CPU boards and power supplies used in personal computers.4.3 – 4.17. § 4.3. Communications providers covered by the requirements of this part. § 4.5. Definitions of outage, special offices and facilities, and 911 special facilities. § 4.7. Definitions of metrics used to determine the general outage-reporting threshold criteria. § 4.9.Title 47 Part 15 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. Authority: 47 U.S.C. 154, 302a, 303, 304, 307, 336, 544a, and 549. Source: 54 FR 17714, Apr. 25, 1989 ... Receivers operating above 960 MHz or below 30 MHz, except for radar detectors and CB receivers, are exempt from complying with the technical provisions of this part but are subject to § 15.5. ( c) Personal computers shall be authorized in accordance with one of the following methods: ( 1) The specific combination of CPU board, power supply and ... May 13, 2022 · The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) governs various parts of the US Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Among them is 47 CFR Part 15 , which covers regulations for radio frequency devices. These devices include Bluetooth and WiFi devices, mobile phones, computers, coffee makers, and more. The manufacturer may design the unit so that a broken antenna can be replaced by the user, but the use of a standard antenna jack or electrical connector is prohibited. This requirement does not apply to carrier current devices or to devices operated under the provisions of §§ 15.211, 15.213, 15.217, 15.219, 15.221, or § 15.236. The field strength of emissions radiated on any frequency outside of the specified 200 kHz band shall not exceed 150 microvolts/meter at 3 meters. The emission limits in this paragraph are based on measurement instrumentation employing an average detector. The provisions in § 15.35 for limiting peak emissions apply.Title 47 was last amended 10/02/2023. view historical versions. There have been changes in the last two weeks to Chapter I. view changes. New Agency Features: It is now possible to filter search results and recent changes by agency or agencies. It is also possible to subscribe to the eCFR changes from single or multiple agencies.Nationwide interoperability channels. §§ 90.20 (d) (80) 90.531 (b) (1) 90.617 (a) (1) ). Any Part 90 public safety eligible entity holding a Part 90 license may operate hand-held and vehicular mobile units on these channels without needing a separate authorization.PART 15—RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Subpart A—General Sec. 15.1 Scope of this part. 15.3 Definitions. 15.5 General conditions of operation. 15.7 [Reserved] ... §15.3 47 CFR Ch. I (10–1–10 Edition) (b) The operation of an intentional or unintentional radiator that is …(1) Persons with disabilities: In the context of part 15 rules (47 CFR part 15), the term “disability,” with respect to the individual, has the meaning given to it by section 3(2)(A) of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12102(2)(A)), i.e., a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the ... (1) Persons with disabilities: In the context of part 15 rules (47 CFR part 15), the term “disability,” with respect to the individual, has the meaning given to it by section 3(2)(A) of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12102(2)(A)), i.e., a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the ... Excluded from the requirements of this part 4 are those equipment manufacturers or vendors that do not maintain or provide communications networks or services used by communications providers in offering communications. [ 69 FR 70338, Dec. 3, 2004, as amended at 77 FR 25097, Apr. 27, 2012; 83 FR 7401, Feb. 21, 2018]Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (e-CFR) Title 47—Telecommunication; CHAPTER I—FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION; SUBCHAPTER A—GENERAL; PART 15—RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES; Subpart A—General § 15.5 General conditions of operation. Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (e-CFR) Title 14—Aeronautics and Space; CHAPTER I—FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION; SUBCHAPTER C—AIRCRAFT; PART 47—AIRCRAFT REGISTRATION; Subpart A—General § 47.15 Registration number. Notice to attorneys of Commission documents. § 1.13. Filing of petitions for review and notices of appeals of Commission orders. § 1.14. Citation of Commission documents. § 1.16. Unsworn declarations under penalty of perjury in lieu of affidavits. § 1.17. Truthful and accurate statements to the Commission.The FCC definition is “Intentional radiators operating in the frequency bands 5.15–5.35 GHz and 5.470–5.825 GHz that use wideband digital modulation techniques and provide a wide array of high data rate mobile and fixed communications for individuals, businesses, and institutions.”. FCC Part 15 Subpart F – Ultra-Wideband Operation.What Is a Part 15 Device? A Part 15 device is anything falling under the 47 CFR § 15.5. These are unlicensed devices that must comply with regulations to prevent their frequencies from interfering with other devices. There are myriads of devices falling under part 15 regulations, each with its own relevant guidelines to adhere to.CFR Part 15 is the section of Title 47 that defines and regulates radiofrequency emissions. These include intentional emissions, such as the radiation of phones and radios that use RF to communicate. However, there’s also unintentional and incidental radiation which are the accidental byproduct of operations. Anything which produces these ...(a) Except as otherwise exempted in §§ 15.23, 15.103, and 15.113, unintentional radiators shall be authorized prior to the initiation of marketing, pursuant to the procedures for certification or Supplier's Declaration of Conformity (SDoC) given in subpart J …Details of requirements for modular approval can be found in CFR Title 47 Part 15.212. Ancillary information. A few ancillary documents and calculations required for the filing process include the emission designator, …FCC CFR 47 Part 15 Class A ICES-003, Issue 7 Class A RoHS EN IEC 63000:2018 The product herewith complies with the requirements of the Low Voltage Directive 2014/35/EU, the EMC Directive 2014/30/EU, the RoHS Directive 2011/65/EU and carries the -marking accordingly. This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules.§ 95.3385 76–81 GHz Band Radar Service RF exposure evaluation. Regardless of the power density levels permitted under this subpart, devices operating under the provisions of this subpart are subject to the radiofrequency radiation exposure requirements specified in §§ 1.1307(b), 2.1091, and 2.1093 of this chapter, as appropriate.Applications for equipment authorization of …Bandwidth is determined at the points 20 dB down from the modulated carrier. ( d) For devices operating within the frequency band 40.66–40.70 MHz, the bandwidth of the emission shall be confined within the band edges and the frequency tolerance of the carrier shall be ±0.01%. This frequency tolerance shall be maintained for a temperature ... Title 47. Displaying title 47, up to date as of 10/16/2023. Title 47 was last amended 10/16/2023. New Agency Features: It is now possible to filter search results and recent changes by agency or agencies. It is also possible to subscribe to the eCFR changes from single or multiple agencies.Title 47 Part 15 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. Authority: 47 U.S.C. 154, 302a, 303, 304, 307, 336, 544a, and 549. Source: 54 FR 17714, Apr. 25, 1989 ...§ 15.105 Information to the user. § 15.107 Conducted limits. § 15.109 Radiated emission limits. § 15.111 Antenna power conduction limits for receivers. § 15.113 Power line carrier systems. § 15.115 TV interface devices, including cable system terminal devices. § 15.117 TV broadcast receivers. § 15.118 Cable ready consumer electronics ... Details. Compare Dates. eCFR Content. § 15.407 General technical requirements. ( a) Power limits: ( 1) For the band 5.15-5.25 GHz. ( i) For an outdoor access point operating in the band 5.15-5.25 GHz, the maximum conducted output power over the frequency band of operation shall not exceed 1 W provided the maximum antenna gain does not exceed 6 dBi.When electronic-electrical products are used for providing RF energy for other than telecommunications applications, such as for the production of physical, biological, or chemical effects, such as heating, ionization of gases, mechanical vibrations, and acceleration of charged particles, these devices fall under the FCC rules 47 CFR Part 18. A full set of the CFR consists of approximately 200 volumes. The approximately 200 CFR volumes are revised at least once a year on a quarterly basis as follows: Titles 1 -- 16 as of January 1. Titles 17 -- 27 as of April 1. Titles 28 -- 41 as of July 1. Titles 42 -- 50 as of October 1. The CFR is keyed to and kept up-to-date by the daily ...(a) Except as otherwise exempted in §§ 15.23, 15.103, and 15.113, unintentional radiators shall be authorized prior to the initiation of marketing, pursuant to the procedures for certification or Supplier's Declaration of Conformity (SDoC) given in subpart J …4.3 – 4.17. § 4.3. Communications providers covered by the requirements of this part. § 4.5. Definitions of outage, special offices and facilities, and 911 special facilities. § 4.7. Definitions of metrics used to determine the general outage-reporting threshold criteria. § 4.9.Receivers operating above 960 MHz or below 30 MHz, except for radar detectors and CB receivers, are exempt from complying with the technical provisions of this part but are subject to § 15.5. ( c) Personal computers shall be authorized in accordance with one of the following methods: ( 1) The specific combination of CPU board, power supply and ... Displaying title 47, up to date as of 10/16/2023. Title 47 was last amended 10/16/2023. New Agency Features: It is now possible to filter search results and recent changes by agency or agencies. It is also possible to subscribe to the eCFR changes from single or multiple agencies. Consult the reader aid pages to learn more.Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (e-CFR) Title 47—Telecommunication; CHAPTER I—FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION; SUBCHAPTER A—GENERAL; PART 1—PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE; Subpart I—Procedures Implementing the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 § 1.1310 Radiofrequency radiation exposure limits.§ 15.250: Operation of wideband systems within the band 5925–7250 MHz. § 15.251: Operation within the bands 2.9–3.26 GHz, 3.267–3.332 GHz, 3.339–3.3458 GHz, and 3.358–3.6 GHz. § 15.252: Operation of wideband vehicular radar systems within the band 23.12–29.0 GHz. § 15.253 [Reserved] § 15.255: Operation within the band 57–71 ...Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (e-CFR) Title 47—Telecommunication; CHAPTER I—FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION; SUBCHAPTER A—GENERAL; PART 15—RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICESSubpart A—General (§§ 15.1 - 15.38) Subpart B—Unintentional Radiators (§§ 15.101 - 15.123) Subpart C—Intentional Radiators (§§ 15.201 - 15.258) Subpart D—Unlicensed Personal Communications Service Devices (§§ 15.301 - 15.323) Subpart E—Unlicensed National Information Infrastructure Devices (§§ 15.401 - 15.407) Title 47. Displaying title 47, up to date as of 10/11/2023. Title 47 was last amended 10/02/2023. New Agency Features: It is now possible to filter search results and recent changes by agency or agencies. It is also possible to subscribe to the eCFR changes from single or multiple agencies. Consult the reader aid pages to learn more.47 CFR Part 5 Agency Federal Communications Commission. Part 5. Authority: 47 U.S.C. 154, 301, 302, 303, 307, 336. ... Medical testing is limited to testing equipment designed to comply with the rules in part 15, Radio Frequency Devices; part 18, Industrial, Scientific, and Medical Equipment; part 95, Personal Radio Services subpart H ...PART 15—RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Subpart A—General Sec. 15.1 Scope of this part. 15.3 Definitions. 15.5 General conditions of operation. ... Pt. 15 47 CFR Ch. I (10–1–21 Edition) 15.103 Exempted devices. 15.105 Information to the user. 15.107 Conducted limits.KDB Publication 905462. Part 15, U-NII/DFS. Compliance Measurement Procedures for Unlicensed National Information Infrastructure Devices Operating in the 5250 MHz to 5350 and 5470 MHz to 5725 MHz Bands incorporating Dynamic Frequency Selection. [ KDB] Equipment Operating in Licensed Radio Services.eCFR :: 47 CFR Part 15 -- Radio Frequency Devices. The Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. Title 47. Displaying title 47, up to date as of 10/16/2023. Title 47 was last …FCC Part 15 Rules Radio emissions in the U.S. are refereed by the FCC. In Title 47, Chapter I, Part 15, Subpart C, Section 15.247, rules pertaining to unlicensed operations … - Selection from Building Wireless Community Networks [Book]1559–1610. −85.3. ( 3) There is a limit on the peak level of the emissions contained within a 50 MHz bandwidth centered on the frequency at which the highest radiated emission occurs and this 50 MHz bandwidth must be contained within the 5925–7250 MHz band. The peak EIRP limit is 20 log (RBW/50) dBm where RBW is the resolution bandwidth ...2021. 10. 5. ... Part 15 of the FCC rules (CFR Title 47) for. "Getinge Connect module X10". Manufacturer: (Manufacturer of host product/device). Name and ...The manufacturer may design the unit so that a broken antenna can be replaced by the user, but the use of a standard antenna jack or electrical connector is prohibited. This requirement does not apply to carrier current devices or to devices operated under the provisions of §§ 15.211, 15.213, 15.217, 15.219, 15.221, or § 15.236. The FCC definition is “Intentional radiators operating in the frequency bands 5.15–5.35 GHz and 5.470–5.825 GHz that use wideband digital modulation techniques and provide a wide array of high data rate mobile and fixed communications for individuals, businesses, and institutions.”. FCC Part 15 Subpart F – Ultra-Wideband Operation.(1) Persons with disabilities: In the context of part 15 rules (47 CFR part 15), the term “disability,” with respect to the individual, has the meaning given to it by section 3(2)(A) of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12102(2)(A)), i.e., a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the ...Code of Federal Regulations, Title 47, Part 15 (47 CFR 15) is an oft-quoted part of Federal Communications Commission (FCC) rules and regulations regarding unlicensed transmissions. It is a part of Title 47 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), and regulates everything from spurious emissions to unlicensed low-power broadcasting. Nearly every electronics device sold inside the United States radiates unintentional emissions, and must be reviewed to comply with Part 15 bef…Title 47 —Telecommunication; Chapter I —Federal Communications Commission; Subchapter A —General; Part 15 —Radio Frequency Devices; Subpart C —Intentional …When electronic-electrical products are used for providing RF energy for other than telecommunications applications, such as for the production of physical, biological, or chemical effects, such as heating, ionization of gases, mechanical vibrations, and acceleration of charged particles, these devices fall under the FCC rules 47 CFR Part 18. (1) Persons with disabilities: In the context of part 15 rules (47 CFR part 15), the term “disability,” with respect to the individual, has the meaning given to it by section 3(2)(A) of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12102(2)(A)), i.e., a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the .... Part 15 of Title 47 of the Code of Federal Regulations is impDetails. Compare Dates. eCFR Content. § 15.407 General technica PART 15—RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Subpart A—General Sec. 15.1 Scope of this part. 15.3 Definitions. 15.5 General conditions of operation. 15.7 [Reserved] 15.9 Prohibition against eavesdropping. 15.11 Cross reference. 15.13 Incidental radiators. 15.15 General technical requirements. 15.17 Susceptibility to interference. 15.19 Labelling ... Operation of wideband systems within the band 5925–7 Title 47, part 15 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. '; Toggle navigation eCFR. Home; Title 47 PART 15. CFR › Title 47 › Volume 1 › Chapter I › Subchapter A › Part 15. Part 15 - Radio Frequency Devices. PART 15 - RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES . Authority: 47 U.S.C. 154, 302a, 303, 304, 307, 336, 544a, and 549.Title 47, part 73 of the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. '; Toggle navigation eCFR. Home; Title 47 PART 73. CFR › Title 47 › Volume 4 › Chapter I › Subchapter C › Part 73. Part 73 - Radio Broadcast Services. ... 47:4.0.1.1.2.1.1.15: SECTION 73.37 73.37 Applications for broadcast facilities, showing required. Radio frequency devices operating under the provisions of this pa...

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